# prime signature

The of an integer $n$ is the list of nonzero exponents $a_{i}$ from the integer factorization

 $n=\prod_{i=1}^{\infty}{p_{i}}^{a_{i}},$

(with $p_{i}$ being the $i$th prime) sorted in ascending order (http://planetmath.org/AscendingOrder) but with duplicates retained. Three examples: the prime signature of 10368 is (4, 7), the prime signature of 10369 is (1), the prime signature of 10370 is (1, 1, 1, 1).

The prime signature of a number is insufficient to uniquely identify it. Numbers like 34992 and 514714375 also have prime signatures of (4, 7). However, prime signatures can identify some kinds of numbers: the primes have signature (1); the squares of primes have signature (2), while other semiprimes have signature (1, 1); sphenic numbers have signature (1, 1, 1); etc. But while other kinds of numbers have different signatures among their members, some generalizations can still be made, such as that highly composite numbers have prime signatures in reverse order of the factorization as usually stated with the primes from 2 up; or that Achilles numbers don’t have any 1s in their prime signature but the greatest common divisor of the numbers in the prime signature is 1.

Title prime signature PrimeSignature 2013-03-22 18:51:50 2013-03-22 18:51:50 PrimeFan (13766) PrimeFan (13766) 5 PrimeFan (13766) Definition msc 11A41