# relative complement

A complement  of an element in a lattice  is only defined when the lattice in question is bounded (http://planetmath.org/BoundedLattice). In general, a lattice is not bounded and there are no complements to speak of. Nevertheless, if the sublattice of a lattice is bounded, we can speak of complements of an element relative to that sublattice.

Let $L$ be a lattice, $a$ an element of $L$, and $I=[b,c]$ an interval (http://planetmath.org/LatticeInterval) in $L$. An element  $d\in L$  is said to be a complement of $a$ relative to $I$ if

 $a\vee d=c\,\mbox{ and }\,a\wedge d=b.$

It is easy to see that $a\leq c$ and $b\leq a$,  so  $a\in I$. Similarly, $d\in I$.

An element $a\in L$ is said to be relatively complemented if for every interval $I$ in $L$ with $a\in I$, it has a complement relative to $I$. The lattice $L$ itself is called a relatively complemented lattice if every element of $L$ is relatively complemented. Equivalently, $L$ is relatively complemented iff each of its interval is a complemented lattice.

Remarks.

Title relative complement RelativeComplement 2013-03-22 15:51:45 2013-03-22 15:51:45 CWoo (3771) CWoo (3771) 11 CWoo (3771) Definition msc 06C15 RelativePseudocomplement BrouwerianLattice relatively complemented lattice relatively complemented