restricted Lie algebra
Definition 1.
Given a modular Lie algebra $L$, that is, a Lie algebra^{} defined over a field of positive characteristic $p$, then we say $L$ is restricted if there exists a power map $\mathrm{[}p\mathrm{]}\mathrm{:}L\mathrm{\to}L$ satisfying

1.
${(\mathrm{ad}a)}^{p}=\mathrm{ad}({a}^{[p]})$ for all $a\in L$ (where ${(\mathrm{ad}a)}^{p}=\mathrm{ad}a\mathrm{\cdots}\mathrm{ad}a$ in the associative product of linear transformations in $\U0001d524{\U0001d529}_{k}V={\mathrm{End}}_{k}V$.)

2.
For every $\alpha \in k$ and $a\in L$ then ${(\alpha a)}^{[p]}={\alpha}^{p}{a}^{[p]}$.

3.
For all $a,b\in L$,
$${(a+b)}^{[p]}={a}^{[p]}+{b}^{[p]}+\sum _{i=1}^{p1}{s}_{i}(a,b)$$ where the terms ${s}_{i}(a,b)$ are determined by the formula
$${(\mathrm{ad}(a\otimes x+b\otimes 1))}^{p1}(a\otimes 1)=\sum _{i=1}^{p1}i{s}_{i}(a,b)\otimes {x}^{i1}$$ in $L{\otimes}_{k}k[x]$.
The definition and terminology of a restricted Lie algebra was developed by N. Jacobson as a method to mimic the properties of Lie algebras of characteristic^{} 0. The usual methods of using minimal polynomials^{} to establish the Jordan normal form of a transform fail in positive characteristic as certain polynomials^{} become inseparable or reducible. Thus one cannot simply establish the typical nilpotent+semisimple decomposition of elements.
However, given a linear Lie algebra (subalgebra^{} of $\U0001d524{\U0001d529}_{k}V$) over a field $k$ of positive characteristic $p$ then the map $x\mapsto {x}^{p}$ on the matrices captures many of the properties of the field. For example, a diagonal matrix^{} $D$ with entries in ${\mathbb{Z}}_{p}$ satisfies ${D}^{p}=D$ simply because the power map $p$ is a field automorphism. Thus in various ways the power map captures the requirements of semisimple^{} and toral elements of Lie algebras. By modifying the definitions of semisimple, toral, and nilpotent elements^{} to use the power maps of the field, Jacobson and others were able to reproduce much of the classical theory of Lie algebras for restricted Lie algebras.
The definition given above reflects^{} the abstract requirements for a restricted Lie algebra. However an important observation is that given a linear Lie algebra $L$ over a field of characteristic $p$, then the usual associative power map serves as a power map for establishing a restricted Lie algebra. The only added requirement is that ${L}^{p}\subseteq L$.
Definition 2.
A Lie algebra is said to be restrictable if it can be given a power mapping which makes it a restricted Lie algebra.
Remark 3.
It is generally not true that a restrictable Lie algebra has a unique power mapping. Notice that the definition of a power mapping relates the power mapping to the linear power mapping of the adjoint representation^{}. This suggests (correctly) that power maps can be defined in various ways but agree modulo the center of the Lie algebra.
Jacobson, Nathan Lie algebras, Interscience Tracts in Pure and Applied Mathematics, No. 10, Interscience Publishers (a division of John Wiley & Sons), New YorkLondon, 1962.
Strade, Helmut and Farnsteiner, Rolf Modular Lie algebras and their representations^{}, Monographs and Textbooks in Pure and Applied Mathematics, vol. 116, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, 1988.
Title  restricted Lie algebra 

Canonical name  RestrictedLieAlgebra 
Date of creation  20130322 16:26:48 
Last modified on  20130322 16:26:48 
Owner  Algeboy (12884) 
Last modified by  Algeboy (12884) 
Numerical id  7 
Author  Algeboy (12884) 
Entry type  Definition 
Classification  msc 17B99 
Related topic  ModularTheory 
Defines  restricted Lie algebra 
Defines  modular Lie algebra 
Defines  restrictable Lie algebra 