# several complex variables

Several complex variables is a study of holomorphic (http://planetmath.org/HolomorphicFunctionsOfSeveralVariables) functions on the space ${\mathbb{C}}^{n}$ or on abstract complex manifolds  . It is also the study of objects and spaces under biholomorphic mappings. While the theory of one complex variable (http://planetmath.org/FundamentalTheoremsInComplexAnalysis) is really a subset of the study of several complex variables, the study of several complex variables is substantially different. As an example, in one variable theory, the Riemann mapping theorem  tells us that all simply connected domains (with the exception of the entire plane) are biholomorphically equivalent to each other, in just ${\mathbb{C}}^{2}$ the open unit ball   and the open polydisc are not biholomorphic.

A large part of the study of several complex variables is the study of domains of holomorphic functions, namely, the domains of holomorphy. Topics related to this study include

• $\bar{\partial}$-operator (http://planetmath.org/BarpartialOperator) and the solution to the inhomogeneous equation $\bar{\partial}u=f$,

Important theorems in the theory of several complex variables include,

• Cartan theorem A and theorem B (http://planetmath.org/CartanTheoremB),

• Hartogs’ theorem on separate analyticity,

• Hartogs’ phenomenon,

Several complex variables also includes the study of the zero sets of complex analytic functions and these are called complex analytic varieties. Study of such objects in one complex dimension is invariably boring as zero sets of complex analytic functions of one variable are just isolated points. However, the zero set of a holomorphic function of $n$ complex variables is at most points an $n-1$ dimensional complex manifold.

The study of real manifolds in complex spaces (such as the boundary of a domain) and their behaviour under biholomorphic mappings is called CR geometry  . See the entries on CR submanifold and CR function for more information.

## References

• 1 M. Salah Baouendi, Peter Ebenfelt, Linda Preiss Rothschild. , Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, 1999.
• 2 Albert Boggess. , CRC, 1991.
• 3 D’Angelo, John P. , CRC Press, 1993.
• 4 Lars Hörmander. , North-Holland Publishing Company, New York, New York, 1973.
• 5 Steven G. Krantz. , AMS Chelsea Publishing, Providence, Rhode Island, 1992.
• 6 Hassler Whitney. . Addison-Wesley, 1972.
Title several complex variables SeveralComplexVariables 2013-03-22 15:11:41 2013-03-22 15:11:41 jirka (4157) jirka (4157) 8 jirka (4157) Topic msc 32-00