# supernatural number

We note first that by the fundamental theorem of arithmetic  , we can view any natural number as a supernatural number. Supernatural numbers form a generalization  of natural numbers in two ways: First, by allowing the possibility of infinitely many prime factors  , and second, by allowing any given prime to divide $\omega$ “infinitely often,” by taking that prime’s corresponding exponent to be the symbol $\infty$.

We can extend the usual $p$-adic to these supernatural numbers by defining, for $\omega$ as above, $v_{p}(\omega)=n_{p}$ for each $p$. We can then extend the notion of divisibility to supernatural numbers by declaring $\omega_{1}\mid\omega_{2}$ if $v_{p}(\omega_{1})\leq v_{p}(\omega_{2})$ for all $p$ (where, by definition, the symbol $\infty$ is considered greater than any natural number). Finally, we can also generalize the notion of the least common multiple  (lcm) and greatest common divisor   (gcd) for (arbitrarily many) supernatural numbers, by defining

 $\displaystyle\operatorname{lcm}(\{\omega_{i}\})$ $\displaystyle=\prod_{p}p^{\sup(v_{p}(\omega_{i}))}$ $\displaystyle\operatorname{gcd}(\{\omega_{i}\})$ $\displaystyle=\prod_{p}p^{\inf(v_{p}(\omega_{i}))}$

Note that the supernatural version of the definitions of divisibility, $\operatorname{lcm}$, and $\operatorname{gcd}$ carry over exactly from their corresponding notions for natural numbers, though we can now take the gcd or lcm of infinitely many natural numbers (to get a supernatural number).

## References

• 1 [Ram] Ramakrishnan, Dinikara and Valenza, Robert. Fourier Analysis on Number Fields. Graduate Texts in Mathematics, volume 186. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY. 1989.
• 2 [Ser] Serre, J.-P. (Ion, P., translator) Galois Cohomology. Springer, New York, NY. 1997
Title supernatural number SupernaturalNumber 2013-03-22 15:23:36 2013-03-22 15:23:36 mathcam (2727) mathcam (2727) 7 mathcam (2727) Definition msc 20E18 gcd of supernatural numbers greatest commond divisor of supernatural numbers lcm of supernatural numbers least common multiple of supernatural numbers