# binary operation

A binary operation on a set $X$ is a function from the Cartesian product $X\times X$ to $X$. A binary operation is sometimes called internal composition.

Rather than using function notation, it is usual to write binary operations with an operation symbol between elements, or even with no operation at all, it being understood that juxtaposed elements are to be combined using an operation that should be clear from the context.

Thus, addition of real numbers is the operation

 $(x,y)\mapsto x+y,$

and multiplication in a groupoid is the operation

 $(x,y)\mapsto xy.$
Title binary operation BinaryOperation 2013-03-22 13:08:12 2013-03-22 13:08:12 mclase (549) mclase (549) 7 mclase (549) Definition msc 08A99 internal composition Arity Operation