# bounded linear extension of an operator

## 0.1 Bounded Linear Extension

Let $X$ and $Y$ be normed vector spaces  and denote by $\widetilde{X}$ and $\widetilde{Y}$ their completions.

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Theorem 1 - Every bounded linear operator $T:X\longrightarrow Y$ can be extended to a bounded linear operator $\widetilde{T}:\widetilde{X}\longrightarrow\widetilde{Y}$. Moreover, this extension   is unique and $\|T\|=\|\widetilde{T}\|$.

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In particular, if $Y$ is a Banach space  and $S\subseteq X$ is a (not necessarily closed (http://planetmath.org/ClosedSet)) subspace  of $X$, an operator $T:S\longrightarrow Y$ has an extension $\widetilde{T}:\overline{S}\longrightarrow Y$ to $\overline{S}$ (the closure   (http://planetmath.org/Closure) of $S$), which is unique and such that $\|T\|=\|\widetilde{T}\|$.

## 0.2 Functorial Property of the Extension

The extension of bounded linear operators between two normed vector spaces to their completions is functorial. More precisely, let $\mathbf{NVec}$ be the category  of normed vector spaces (whose morphisms  (http://planetmath.org/Category) are the bounded linear operators) and $\mathbf{Ban}$ the categroy of Banach spaces (whose are also the bounded linear operators). We have that

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Theorem 2 - The completion $\,\widetilde{\,}:\mathbf{NVec}\longrightarrow\mathbf{Ban}$, which associates each normed vector space $X$ with its completion $\widetilde{X}$ and each bounded linear operator $T$ with its extension $\widetilde{T}$, is a covariant functor  .

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This, in particular, implies that $\widetilde{T_{1}T_{2}}=\widetilde{T_{1}}\widetilde{T_{2}}$.

## 0.3 Extensions in Spaces with Additional Structure

When the normed vector spaces $X$ and $Y$ have some additional structure  (for example, when $X$ and $Y$ are normed algebras) it is interesting to know if the (unique) extension of a morphism $T:X\longrightarrow Y$ preserves the additional structure. The following theorem states that this indeed the case for normed algebras or normed *-algebras  .

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Theorem 3 - If $X$ and $Y$ be normed vector spaces that are also normed algebras (normed *-algebras) and $T:X\longrightarrow Y$ is a bounded    homomorphism       (bounded *-homomorphism), then the unique bounded linear extension $\widetilde{T}$ of $T$ is also an homomorphism (*-homomorphism).

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Thus, completion is also a covariant functor from the category of normed algebras (normed *-algebras) to category of Banach algebras  (Banach *-algebras).

Title bounded linear extension of an operator BoundedLinearExtensionOfAnOperator 2013-03-22 17:35:17 2013-03-22 17:35:17 asteroid (17536) asteroid (17536) 11 asteroid (17536) Theorem msc 46B99 msc 47A05 continuous   extension of an operator completion of normed spaces is a covariant functor continuous extension of a normed algebra homomorphism