# coalgebra isomorphisms and isomorphic coalgebras

Let $(C,\Delta,\varepsilon)$ and $(D,\Delta^{\prime},\varepsilon^{\prime})$ be coalgebras.

We will say that coalgebra homomorphism $f:C\to D$ is a , if there exists a coalgebra homomorphism $g:D\to C$ such that $f\circ g=\mathrm{id}_{D}$ and $g\circ f=\mathrm{id}_{C}$.

Remark. Of course every coalgebra isomorphism is a linear isomorphism, thus it is ,,one-to-one” and ,,onto”. One can show that the converse  also holds, i.e. if $f:C\to D$ is a coalgebra homomorphism such that $f$ is ,,one-to-one” and ,,onto”, then $f$ is a coalgebra isomorphism.

Definition. We will say that coalgebras $(C,\Delta,\varepsilon)$ and $(D,\Delta^{\prime},\varepsilon^{\prime})$ are isomorphic if there exists coalgebra isomorphism $f:C\to D$. In this case we often write $(C,\Delta,\varepsilon)\simeq(D,\Delta^{\prime},\varepsilon^{\prime})$ or simply $C\simeq D$ if structure maps   are known from the context.

Remarks. Of course the relation   ,,$\simeq$” is an equivalence relation  . Furthermore, (from the coalgebraic point of view) isomorphic coalgebras are the same, i.e. they share all coalgebraic properties.

Title coalgebra isomorphisms and isomorphic coalgebras CoalgebraIsomorphismsAndIsomorphicCoalgebras 2013-03-22 18:49:28 2013-03-22 18:49:28 joking (16130) joking (16130) 4 joking (16130) Definition msc 16W30