# door space

A topological space  $X$ is called a door space if every subset of $X$ is either open or closed.

From the definition, it is immediately clear that any discrete space is door.

To find more examples, let us look at the singletons of a door space $X$. For each $x\in X$, either $\{x\}$ is open or closed. Call a point $x$ in $X$ open or closed according to whether $\{x\}$ is open or closed. Let $A$ be the collection  of open points in $X$. If $A=X$, then $X$ is discrete. So suppose now that $A\neq X$. We look at the special case when $X-A=\{x\}$. It is now easy to see that the topology  $\tau$ generated by all the open singletons makes $X$ a door space:

###### Proof.

If $B\subseteq X$ does not contain $x$, it is the union of elements in $A$, and therefore open. If $x\in B$, then its complement  $B^{c}$ does not, so is open, and therefore $B$ is closed. ∎

Since $\tau=P(A)\cup\{X\}$, the space $X$ not discrete. In addition  , $X$ and $\varnothing$ are the only clopen sets in $X$.

When $X-A$ has more than one element, the situation is a little more complicated. We know that if $X$ is door, then its topology $\mathcal{T}$ is strictly finer then the topology $\tau$ generated by all the open singletons. McCartan has shown that $\mathcal{T}=\tau\cup\mathcal{U}$ for some ultrafilter   in $X$. In fact, McCartan showed $\mathcal{T}$, as well as the previous two examples, are the only types of possible topologies on a set making it a door space.

## References

• 1 J.L. Kelley, General Topology, D. van Nostrand Company, Inc., 1955.
• 2 S.D. McCartan, Door Spaces are identifiable, Proc. Roy. Irish Acad. Sect. A, 87 (1) 1987, pp. 13-16.
Title door space DoorSpace 2013-03-22 18:46:11 2013-03-22 18:46:11 CWoo (3771) CWoo (3771) 6 CWoo (3771) Definition msc 54E99