0.2 Axioms of
The ETAC axioms viz. () are :
0. For any letters , and unary function symbols and , and composition law , the following are defined as formulas: , , , and ; These formulas are to be, respectively, interpreted as “ is the domain of ”, “ is the codomain, or range, of ”, “ is the composition followed by ”, and “ equals ”.
1. If and are formulas, then “ and ” , “ or”, “”, and “” are also formulas.
2. If is a formula and is a letter, then “”, “” are also formulas.
3. A string of symbols is a formula in ETAC iff it follows from the above axioms 0 to 2.
A sentence is then defined as any formula in which every occurrence of each letter is within the scope of a logical quantifier, such as or . The theorems of ETAC are defined as all those sentences which can be derived through logical inference from the following ETAC axioms:
4. for .
5a. and .
5c. and .
6. Identity axiom: and yield always the same result.
7. Associativity axiom: and and and . With these axioms in mind, one can see that commutative diagrams can be now regarded as certain abbreviated formulas corresponding to systems of equations such as: , , and , instead of for the arrows f, g, and h, drawn respectively between the ‘objects’ A, B and C, thus forming a ‘triangular commutative diagram’ in the usual sense of category theory. Compared with the ETAC formulas such diagrams have the advantage of a geometric–intuitive image of their equivalent underlying equations. The common property of A of being an object is written in shorthand as the abbreviated formula Obj(A) standing for the following three equations:
8c. and .
0.3 Remarks on ETAC interpretation
Intuitively, with this terminology and axioms a category is meant to be any structure which is a direct interpretation of ETAC. A functor is then understood to be a triple consisting of two such categories and of a rule F (‘the functor’) which assigns to each arrow or morphism of the first category, a unique morphism, written as ‘’ of the second category, in such a way that the usual two conditions on both objects and arrows in the standard functor definition are fulfilled (see for example [ICBM])– the functor is well behaved, it carries object identities to image object identities, and commutative diagrams to image commmutative diagrams of the corresponding image objects and image morphisms. At the next level, one then defines natural transformations or functorial morphisms between functors as metalevel abbreviated formulas and equations pertaining to commutative diagrams of the distinct images of two functors acting on both objects and morphisms. As the name indicates natural transformations are also well–behaved, in terms of the ETAC equations being always satisfied.
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- 2 R. Brown, J. F. Glazebrook and I. C. Baianu: A Categorical and Higher Dimensional Algebra Framework for Complex Systems and Spacetime Structures,Axiomathes 17:409–493, (2007).
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- 4 R. Brown and C.B. Spencer: Double groupoids and crossed modules,Cahiers Top. Géom.Diff. 17 (1976), 343–362.
- 5 W.F. Lawvere: 1963. Functorial Semantics of Algebraic Theories. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 50: 869–872.
- 6 W. F. Lawvere: 1966. The Category of Categories as a Foundation for Mathematics. , In Proc. Conf. Categorical Algebra–La Jolla, 1965, Eilenberg, S et al., eds. Springer–Verlag: Berlin, Heidelberg and New York, pp. 1–20.
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 18:16:15|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 18:16:15|
|Last modified by||bci1 (20947)|
|Synonym||axiomatic elementary theory of categories and functors|
|Synonym||special case of ETAS|
|Synonym||axiomatic construction of the theory of categories and functors|
|Defines||axiom of elementary theory of abstract categories|
|Defines||axiomatic theory of categories and functors|
|Defines||axiomatic construction of the theory of categories and functors|
|Defines||Lawvere’s elementary theory of abstract categories|