fundamental theorem of projective geometry
Theorem 1 (Fundamental Theorem of Projective Geometry I).
(Refer to [1, Theorem 3.5.5,Theorem 3.5.6].)
As an immediate corollary we notice that in fact and are vector spaces of the same dimension and over the isomorphic fields (or division rings). The dimension aspect is easily seen in other ways, and if the fields are finite fields so too is the entire corollary. However the true corollary to this theorem is
Notice that and . ( is the symmetric group on the set . simply denotes a formal element outside of the field which in many concrete instances does capture a conceptual notion of infinity. For example, when this corresponds to the vertical line through the origin, and so it has slope , while the other elements of are the slopes of the other lines.)
The Fundamental Theorem of Projective Geometry is in many ways “best possible.” For if then has only the two trivial subspace and – which cannot be moved by order preserving maps – and subspaces of dimension 1. Thus any two proper subspaces can be interchanged, transposed. So in this case all permutation of points in the projective line are order-preserving. Not all permutations arrise as semilinear maps however.
Example. If , then there are no field automorphisms as is a prime field. Hence all semilinear transforms are simply linear transforms. There are subspaces of dimension 1 in so is the symmetric group on points, . Yet the permutation mapping
is therefore order-preserving by clearly non-linear, unless .
There is a second form the fundamental theorem of projective geometry which appeals to the axiomatic construction of projective geometry.
- 1 Gruenberg, K. W. and Weir, A.J. Linear Geometry 2nd Ed. (English) [B] Graduate Texts in Mathematics. 49. New York - Heidelberg - Berlin: Springer-Verlag. X, 198 p. DM 29.10; $ 12.80 (1977).
- 2 Kantor, W. M. Lectures notes on Classical Groups.
|Title||fundamental theorem of projective geometry|
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 15:51:14|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 15:51:14|
|Last modified by||Algeboy (12884)|