A group is a pair , where is a non-empty set and “” is a binary operation on , such that the following conditions hold:
If is a group under *, then * is referred to as the group operation of .
Usually, the symbol “” is omitted and we write for . Sometimes, the symbol “” is used to represent the operation, especially when the group is abelian.
It can be proved that there is only one identity element, and that for every element there is only one inverse. Because of this we usually denote the inverse of as or when we are using additive notation. The identity element is also called neutral element due to its behavior with respect to the operation, and thus is sometimes (although uncommonly) called the neutralizing element of . An element of a group besides the identity element is sometimes called a non-trivial element.
Groups often arise as the symmetry groups of other mathematical objects; the study of such situations uses group actions. In fact, much of the study of groups themselves is conducted using group actions.
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 11:42:53|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 11:42:53|
|Last modified by||drini (3)|