Similarly, is said to satisfy the descending chain condition (or DCC) on normal subgroups if there is no infinite descending proper chain of normal subgroups of .
One can show that if a nontrivial group satisfies either the ACC or the DCC on normal subgroups, then that group can be expressed as the internal direct product of finitely many indecomposable subgroups. If both the ACC and DCC are satisfied, the Krull-Schmidt theorem guarantees that this “decomposition into indecomposables” is essentially unique. (Note that every finite group satisfies both the ACC and DCC on normal subgroups.)
Krull-Schmidt theorem: Let be a nontrivial group satisfying both the ACC and DCC on its normal subgroups. Suppose and (internal direct products) where each and is indecomposable. Then and, after reindexing, for each . Moreover, for all , .
For proof, see Hungerford’s Algebra.
Noetherian [resp. artinian] modules satisfy the ACC [resp. DCC] on submodules. Indeed the Krull-Schmidt theorem also appears in the context of module theory. (Sometimes, as in Lang’s Algebra, this result is called the Krull-Remak-Schmidt theorem.)
Krull-Schmidt theorem (for modules): A nonzero module that is both noetherian and artinian can be expressed as the direct sum of finitely many indecomposable modules. These indecomposable summands are uniquely determined up to isomorphism and permutation.
Hungerford, T., Algebra. New York: Springer, 1974.
Lang, S., Algebra. (3d ed.), New York: Springer, 2002.
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 15:24:00|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 15:24:00|
|Last modified by||CWoo (3771)|
|Defines||ascending chain condition|
|Defines||descending chain condition|