# lattice of topologies

Let $X$ be a set. Let $L$ be the set of all topologies  on $X$. We may order $L$ by inclusion. When $\mathcal{T}_{1}\subseteq\mathcal{T}_{2}$, we say that $\mathcal{T}_{2}$ is finer (http://planetmath.org/Finer) than $\mathcal{T}_{1}$, or that $\mathcal{T}_{2}$ refines $\mathcal{T}_{1}$.

###### Theorem 1.

$L$

###### Proof.

Clearly $L$ is a partially ordered set  when ordered by $\subseteq$. Furthermore, given any family of topologies $\mathcal{T}_{i}$ on $X$, their intersection  $\bigcap\mathcal{T}_{i}$ also defines a topology on $X$. Finally, let $\mathcal{B}_{i}$’s be the corresponding subbases for the $\mathcal{T}_{i}$’s and let $\mathcal{B}=\bigcup\mathcal{B}_{i}$. Then $\mathcal{T}$ generated by $\mathcal{B}$ is easily seen to be the supremum   of the $\mathcal{T}_{i}$’s. ∎

Let $L$ be the lattice of topologies on $X$. Given $\mathcal{T}_{i}\in L$, $\mathcal{T}:=\bigvee\mathcal{T}_{i}$ is called the common refinement of $\mathcal{T}_{i}$. By the proof above, this is the coarsest topology that is than each $\mathcal{T}_{i}$.

If $X$ is non-empty with more than one element, $L$ is also an atomic lattice. Each atom is a topology generated by one non-trivial subset of $X$ (non-trivial being non-empty and not $X$). The atom has the form $\{\varnothing,A,X\}$, where $\varnothing\subset A\subset X$.

Remark. In general, a lattice of topologies on a set $X$ is a sublattice of the lattice of topologies $L$ (mentioned above) on $X$.

Title lattice of topologies LatticeOfTopologies 2013-03-22 16:54:42 2013-03-22 16:54:42 CWoo (3771) CWoo (3771) 8 CWoo (3771) Definition msc 54A10 Coarser  common refinement