A ring is right noetherian if it is a right noetherian module (http://planetmath.org/NoetherianModule), considered as a right module over itself in the natural way (that is, an element acts by ). Similarly, is left noetherian if it is a left noetherian module over itself (equivalently, if the opposite ring of is right noetherian). We say that is noetherian if it is both left noetherian and right noetherian.
Examples of Noetherian rings include:
any field (as the only ideals are 0 and the whole ring),
the -adic integers (http://planetmath.org/PAdicIntegers), for any prime , where every ideal is generated by a multiple of , and
A ring can be right noetherian but not left noetherian.
The word noetherian is used in a number of other places. A topology can be noetherian (http://planetmath.org/NoetherianTopologicalSpace); although this is not related in a simple way to the property for rings, the definition is based on an ascending chain condition. A site can also be noetherian; this is a generalization of the notion of noetherian for topological space.
Noetherian rings (and by extension most other uses of the word noetherian) are named after Emmy Noether (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emmy_NoetherWikipedia for a short biography) who made many contributions to algebra. Older references tend to capitalize the word (Noetherian) but in some fields, such as algebraic geometry, the word has come into such common use that the capitalization is dropped (noetherian). A few other objects with proper names have undergone this process (abelian, for example) while others have not (Galois groups, for example). Any particular work should of course choose one convention and use it consistently.
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 11:44:52|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 11:44:52|
|Last modified by||archibal (4430)|
|Defines||left noetherian ring|
|Defines||right noetherian ring|