Let be a structure consisting of a class, , together with a binary operation defined for pairs of objects in (or elements of when the latter is a small class, i.e., a set). The structure– and the operation – are said to be noncommutative if
for either at least some or all of the pairs in for which the operation is defined.
A structure that is noncommutative is also called sometimes a non-Abelian structure, although the latter term is, in general, more often used to specify non-Abelian theories (http://planetmath.org/NonAbelianTheories).
A binary operation that is not commutative (http://planetmath.org/Commutative) is said to be non-commutative (or noncommutative). Thus, a noncommutative structure can be alternatively defined as any structure whose binary operation is not commutative (http://planetmath.org/Commutative) (that is, in the commutative (http://planetmath.org/Commutative) case one has
for all pairs in , and also that the operation is defined for all pairs in ).
A commutative group is also called Abelian, whereas a category with structure that has commutative diagrams is not necessarily Abelian –unless it does satisfy the Ab1 to Ab6 axioms that define an Abelian category (or equivalently, if it has the properties specified in Mitchell’s alternative definition of an Abelian category (http://planetmath.org/AlternativeDefinitionOfAnAbelianCategory) .)
An example of a non-commutative operation is the multiplication over matrices. Another example of a noncommutative algebra is a general Clifford algebra (http://planetmath.org/CCliffordAlgebra), which is of fundamental importance in the algebraic theory of observable quantum operators and also in quantum algebraic topology.
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 18:18:06|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 18:18:06|
|Last modified by||bci1 (20947)|