Riemann normal coordinates
Riemann normal coordinates may be thought of as a generalization of Cartesian coordinates from Euclidean space to any manifold (which should be at least twice differentiable) with affine connection. (Including Riemannian manifolds as a special case, of course!)
To define a system of Riemann normal coordinates, one needs to pick a point on the manifold which will serve as origin and a basis for the tangent space at . Suppose that the manifold is dimensional. To any -tuplet of real numbers , we shall assign a point of the manifold by the following procedure:
Let be the vector whose components with respect to the basis chosen for the tangent space at are . There exists a unique affinely-parameterized geodesic such that and . Set . Then is defined to be the point whose Riemann normal coordinates are .
Riemann normal coordinates enjoy several important properties:
The connection coefficients vanish at the origin of Riemann normal coordinates.
The partial derivatives of the components of the connection evaluated at the origin of Riemann normal coordinates equals the components of the curvature tensor. In fact, some authors take this property as a definition of the curvature tensor.
To every point on the manifold one may associate an open neighborhood of that point in which Riemann normal coordinates based at the point provide a diffeomorphism between the neighborhood and a subset of . In general, Riemann normal coordinates become singular when a conjugate point of is encountered so they are typically more useful for studying local geometry than global geometry.
|Title||Riemann normal coordinates|
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 14:35:35|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 14:35:35|
|Last modified by||rspuzio (6075)|