# triple scalar product

The triple scalar product of three vectors is defined in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ as

 $\det\left[\begin{array}[]{ccc}a_{1}&b_{1}&c_{1}\\ a_{2}&b_{2}&c_{2}\\ a_{3}&b_{3}&c_{3}\end{array}\right]=\vec{a}\cdot(\vec{b}\times\vec{c})\\ =a_{1}\det\left[\begin{array}[]{cc}b_{2}&c_{2}\\ b_{3}&c_{3}\end{array}\right]-a_{2}\det\left[\begin{array}[]{cc}b_{1}&c_{1}\\ b_{3}&c_{3}\end{array}\right]+a_{3}\det\left[\begin{array}[]{cc}b_{1}&c_{1}\\ b_{2}&c_{2}\end{array}\right]$
 $|\vec{a}\cdot(\vec{b}\times\vec{c})|=|\vec{b}\times\vec{c}||\vec{a}|\cos\theta% =\text{base}\cdot\text{height}=\text{Volume of parallelepiped}$

Thus, the magnitude of the triple scalar product is equivalent to the volume of the parallelepiped  formed by the three vectors. It follows that the triple scalar product of three coplanar  or collinear vectors is then 0. When we keep the sign of the volume, we preserve orientation. \PMlinktofile

View SVGTripleScalarProduct.svg

Note that there is no rigid motion  , barring reflection, that will allow you to move/rotate the left parallelepiped so that the respective vectors coincide. This is the sense of orientation that is used in differential geometry  .

Identities related to the triple scalar product:

• $(\vec{A}\times\vec{B})\cdot\vec{C}=(\vec{B}\times\vec{C})\cdot\vec{A}=(\vec{C}% \times\vec{A})\cdot\vec{B}$

• $\vec{A}\cdot(\vec{B}\times\vec{C})=-\vec{A}\cdot(\vec{C}\times\vec{B})$

The latter is implied by the properties of the cross product.

Given a metrizable manifold $M$, the scalar n-product of an ordered list of n vectors $(\vec{v_{1}},\vec{v_{2}},\ldots,\vec{v_{n}})$ corresponds to the signed n-volume of the n-paralleletope spanned by the vectors and is calculated by:

 $\ast(\bigvee\limits_{i=1}^{n}\vec{v_{i}})$

where $\ast$ is the Hodge star operator and $\vee$ is the exterior product. Note that this simply corresponds to the determinant of the list in n-dimensional Euclidean space.

 Title triple scalar product Canonical name TripleScalarProduct Date of creation 2013-03-22 11:59:24 Last modified on 2013-03-22 11:59:24 Owner slider142 (78) Last modified by slider142 (78) Numerical id 15 Author slider142 (78) Entry type Definition Classification msc 47A05 Classification msc 46M05 Classification msc 11H46 Synonym scalar triple product Synonym determinant in R^3 Related topic DotProduct Related topic CrossProduct