( is the th prime number).
The first few primorials are 2, 6, 30, 210, 2310, 30030, 510510, 9699690, 223092870, 6469693230, 200560490130; these are listed in A002110 of Sloane’s OEIS. Sometimes the notation is used to refer to the product of all primes , where is the prime counting function (so then rather than 210).
Primorials are used in the classic proof that there are infinitely many primes: assuming that there are exactly primes and no more, is a number that is not divisible by any of the existing primes, but if that is a prime then it contradicts the initial assumption.
If, in reckoning the sieve of Eratosthenes, one strikes out again numbers that have already been struck off, the sequence of the smallest number struck off times is precisely the sequence of the primorials.
Any highly composite number (with the exception of 1) can be expressed as a product of primorials in at least one way.
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 16:00:23|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 16:00:23|
|Last modified by||PrimeFan (13766)|