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# vector lattice

An ordered vector space whose underlying poset is a lattice is called a *vector lattice*. A vector lattice is also called a *Riesz space*.

For example, given a topological space $X$, its ring of continuous functions $C(X)$ is a vector lattice. In particular, any finite dimensional Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ is a vector lattice.

A *vector sublattice* is a subspace of a vector lattice that is also a sublattice.

Below are some properties of the join ($\vee$) and meet ($\wedge$) operations on a vector lattice $L$. Suppose $u,v,w\in L$, then

1. $(u+w)\vee(v+w)=(u\vee v)+w$

2. $u\wedge v=(u+v)-(u\vee v)$

3. If $\lambda\geq 0$, then $\lambda u\vee\lambda v=\lambda(u\vee v)$

4. If $\lambda\leq 0$, then $\lambda u\vee\lambda v=\lambda(u\wedge v)$

5. If $u\neq v$, then the converse holds for 3 and 4

6. If $L$ is an ordered vector space, and if for any $u,v\in L$, either $u\vee v$ or $u\wedge v$ exists, then $L$ is a vector lattice. This is basically the result of property 2 above.

7. $(u\wedge v)+w=(u+w)\wedge(v+w)$ (dual of statement 1)

8. $u\wedge v=-(-u\vee-v)$ (a direct consequence of statement 4, with $\lambda=-1$)

9. $(-u)\wedge u\leq 0\leq(-u)\vee u$

10. $(a\vee b)+(c\vee d)=(a+c)\vee(a+d)\vee(b+c)\vee(b+d)$, by repeated application of 1 above.

Remark. The first five properties are also satisfied by an ordered vector space, with the assumptions that the suprema exist for the appropriate pairs of elements (see the entry on ordered vector space for detail).

## Mathematics Subject Classification

06F20*no label found*46A40

*no label found*

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