# infinite product measure

Let $(E_{i},\mathcal{B}_{i},\mu_{i})$ be measure spaces  , where $i\in I$ an index set   , possibly infinite   . We define the product  of $(E_{i},\mathcal{B}_{i},\mu_{i})$ as follows:

1. 1.

let $E=\prod E_{i}$, the Cartesian product of $E_{i}$,

2. 2.

let $\mathcal{B}=\sigma((\mathcal{B}_{i})_{i\in I})$, the smallest sigma algebra containing subsets of $E$ of the form $\prod B_{i}$ where $B_{i}=E_{i}$ for all but a finite number of $i\in I$.

Then $(E,\mathcal{B})$ is a measurable space   . The next task is to define a measure $\mu$ on $(E,\mathcal{B})$ so that $(E,\mathcal{B},\mu)$ becomes in addition a measure space. Before proceeding to define $\mu$, we make the assumption  that

each $\mu_{i}$ is a totally finite measure, that is, $\mu_{i}(E_{i})<\infty$.

In fact, we can now turn each $(E_{i},\mathcal{B}_{i},\mu_{i})$ into a probability space by introducing for each $i\in I$ a new measure:

 $\overline{\mu}_{i}=\frac{\mu_{i}}{\mu_{i}(E_{i})}.$

With the assumption that each $(E_{i},\mathcal{B}_{i},\mu_{i})$ is a probability space, it can be shown that there is a unique measure $\mu$ defined on $\mathcal{B}$ such that, for any $B\in\mathcal{B}$ expressible as a product of $B_{i}\in\mathcal{B}_{i}$ with $B_{i}=E_{i}$ for all $i\in I$ except on a finite subset $J$ of $I$:

 $\mu(B)=\prod_{j\in J}\mu_{j}(B_{j}).$

Then $(E,\mathcal{B},\mu)$ becomes a measure space, and in particular, a probability space. $\mu$ is sometimes written $\prod\mu_{i}$.

Remarks.

• If $I$ is infinite, one sees that the total finiteness of $\mu_{i}$ can not be dropped. For example, if $I$ is the set of positive integers, assume $\mu_{1}(E_{1})<\infty$ and $\mu_{2}(E_{2})=\infty$. Then $\mu(B)$ for

 $B:=B_{1}\times\prod_{i>1}E_{i}=B_{1}\times E_{2}\times\prod_{i>2}E_{i}\mbox{, % where }B_{1}\in\mathcal{B}_{1}$

would not be well-defined (on the one hand, it is $\mu_{1}(B_{1})<\infty$, but on the other it is $\mu_{1}(B_{1})\mu_{2}(E_{2})=\infty$).

• The above construction agrees with the result when $I$ is finite (see finite product measure  (http://planetmath.org/ProductMeasure)).

Title infinite product measure InfiniteProductMeasure 2013-03-22 16:23:14 2013-03-22 16:23:14 CWoo (3771) CWoo (3771) 13 CWoo (3771) Definition msc 28A35 msc 60A10 ProductSigmaAlgebra totally finite measure