# differential-difference equations for hypergeometric function

The hypergeometric function     satisfies several equations which relate derivatives with respect to the argument $z$ to shifting the parameters $a,b,c,d$ by unity (Here, the prime denotes derivative with respect to $z$.):

 $\displaystyle zF^{\prime}(a,b;c;z)+aF(a,b;c;z)$ $\displaystyle=F(a+1,b;c;z)$ $\displaystyle zF^{\prime}(a,b;c;z)+bF(a,b;c;z)$ $\displaystyle=F(a,b+1;c;z)$ $\displaystyle zF^{\prime}(a,b;c;z)+(c-1)F(a,b;c;z)$ $\displaystyle=F(a,b;c-1;z)$ $\displaystyle(1-z)zF^{\prime}(a,b;c;z)$ $\displaystyle=(c-a)F(a-1,b;c;z)+(a-c+bz)F(a,b;c;z)$ $\displaystyle(1-z)zF^{\prime}(a,b;c;z)$ $\displaystyle=(c-b)F(a,b-1;c;z)+(b-c+az)F(a,b;c;z)$ $\displaystyle(1-z)zF^{\prime}(a,b;c;z)$ $\displaystyle=z(c-a)(c-b)F(a,b;c+1;z)+zc(a+b-c)F(a,b;c;z)$

These equations may readily be verified by differentiating the series which defines the hypergeometric equation. By eliminating the derivatives between these equations, one obtains the contiguity relations  for the hypergeometric function. By differentiating them once more and taking suitable linear combinations  , one may obtain the differential equation  of the hypergeometric function.

Title differential-difference equations for hypergeometric function DifferentialdifferenceEquationsForHypergeometricFunction 2013-03-22 17:36:18 2013-03-22 17:36:18 rspuzio (6075) rspuzio (6075) 6 rspuzio (6075) Theorem msc 33C05