Multiplication is a mathematical operation in which two or more numbers are added up to themselves by a factor of other numbers. For example, . The numbers may be real, imaginary or complex, they may be integers or fractions. Among real numbers, if an odd number of multiplicands are negative, the overall result is negative; if an even number of multiplicands are negative, the overall result is positive. Two examples: ; .
The usual operator is the cross with its four arms of equal length pointing northeast, northwest, southeast and southwest: . Other options are the central dot and the tacit multiplication operator. In many computer programming languages the asterisk is often used as it is almost always available on the keyboard (Shift-8 in most American layouts, as well as dedicated key if the keyboard has a numeric keypad), and this is the operator likely to be used in a computer implementation of a reverse Polish notation calculator. In Mathematica, the space can sometimes function as a multiplication operator, but more experienced users warn novices not to rely on this feature.
The iterative operator is the Greek capital letter pi:
which is a compact way of writing .
Multiplication of complex numbers is helped by the following identity: . To give three examples: (the result has both real and imaginary parts), (the result is a real prime) and (the result has only an imaginary part).
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 16:35:37|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 16:35:37|
|Last modified by||PrimeFan (13766)|