# Schrödinger operator

Let $V:{\mathbb{R}}^{n}\to \mathbb{R}$ be a real-valued function.
The Schroedinger operator H on the Hilbert space^{} ${L}^{2}({\mathbb{R}}^{n})$ is given by the action

$$\psi \mapsto -{\nabla}^{2}\psi +V(x)\psi ,\psi \in {L}^{2}({\mathbb{R}}^{n}).$$ |

This can be obviously re-written as:

$$\psi \mapsto [-{\nabla}^{2}+V(x)]\psi ,\psi \in {L}^{2}({\mathbb{R}}^{n}),$$ |

where $[-{\nabla}^{2}+V(x)]$ is the Schrödinger operator, which is now
called the Hamiltonian operator^{} (http://planetmath.org/HamiltonianOperatorOfAQuantumSystem), H.

For stationary quantum systems such as electrons in ‘stable’ atoms the Schrödinger equation takes the very simple form :

$$\text{\mathbf{H}}\psi =E\psi $$ |

, where $E$ stands for energy eigenvalues^{} of the stationary quantum states. Thus, in quantum mechanics of systems with finite degrees of freedom that are ‘stationary’, the Schrödinger operator is used to calculate the (time-independent) energy states of a quantum system with potential energy $V(x)$. Schrödinger called this operator the ‘Hamilton’ operator (http://planetmath.org/HamiltonianOperatorOfAQuantumSystem), or the
Hamiltonian (http://planetmath.org/HamiltonianOperatorOfAQuantumSystem), and the latter name is currently used in almost all of quantum physics publications, etc. The eigenvalues give the energy levels, and the wavefunctions are given by the eigenfunctions.
In the more general, non-stationary, or ‘dynamic’ case, the Schrödinger equation takes the general form:

$$\text{\mathbf{H}}\psi =(-i)\partial \psi /\partial t$$ |

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Title | Schrödinger operator |

Canonical name | SchrodingerOperator |

Date of creation | 2013-03-22 14:02:08 |

Last modified on | 2013-03-22 14:02:08 |

Owner | mhale (572) |

Last modified by | mhale (572) |

Numerical id | 30 |

Author | mhale (572) |

Entry type | Definition |

Classification | msc 81Q10 |

Synonym | Hamiltonian operator |

Related topic | HamiltonianOperatorOfAQuantumSystem |

Related topic | SchrodingersWaveEquation |

Related topic | CanonicalQuantization |

Related topic | QuantumOperatorAlgebrasInQuantumFieldTheories |

Related topic | QuantumSpaceTimes |

Related topic | SchrodingerOperator |

Defines | quantum system dynamics and eigenvalues |