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Fields are typically sets of “numbers” in which the arithmetic operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division are defined. The following is a list of examples of fields.

The set of all rational numbers $\mathbb{Q}$, all real numbers $\mathbb{R}$ and all complex numbers $\mathbb{C}$ are the most familiar examples of fields.

Slightly more exotic, the hyperreal numbers and the surreal numbers are fields containing infinitesimal and infinitely large numbers. (The surreal numbers aren’t a field in the strict sense since they form a proper class and not a set.)

The algebraic numbers form a field; this is the algebraic closure of $\mathbb{Q}$. In general, every field has an (essentially unique) algebraic closure.

The computable complex numbers (those whose digit sequence can be produced by a Turing machine) form a field. The definable complex numbers (those which can be precisely specified using a logical formula) form a field containing the computable numbers; arguably, this field contains all the numbers we can ever talk about. It is countable.

The socalled algebraic number fields (sometimes just called number fields) arise from $\mathbb{Q}$ by adjoining some (finite number of) algebraic numbers. For instance $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{2})=\{u+v\sqrt{2}\mid u,v\in\mathbb{Q}\}$ and $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt[3]{2},i)=\{u+vi+w\sqrt[3]{2}+xi\sqrt[3]{2}+y\sqrt[3]{4}+zi% \sqrt[3]{4}\mid u,v,w,x,y,z\in\mathbb{Q}\}=\mathbb{Q}(i\sqrt[3]{2})$ (every separable finite field extension is simple).

If $p$ is a prime number, then the $p$adic numbers form a field $\mathbb{Q}_{p}$ which is the completion of the field $\mathbb{Q}$ with respect to the $p$adic valuation.

If $p$ is a prime number, then the integers modulo $p$ form a finite field with $p$ elements, typically denoted by $\mathbb{F}_{p}$. More generally, for every prime power $p^{n}$ there is one and only one finite field $\mathbb{F}_{{p^{n}}}$ with $p^{n}$ elements.

If $K$ is a field, we can form the field of rational functions over $K$, denoted by $K(X)$. It consists of quotients of polynomials in $X$ with coefficients in $K$.

If $V$ is a variety over the field $K$, then the function field of $V$, denoted by $K(V)$, consists of all quotients of polynomial functions defined on $V$.

If $U$ is a domain (= connected open set) in $\mathbb{C}$, then the set of all meromorphic functions on $U$ is a field. More generally, the meromorphic functions on any Riemann surface form a field.

If $X$ is a variety (or scheme) then the rational functions on $X$ form a field. At each point of $X$, there is also a residue field which contains information about that point.

The field of formal Laurent series over the field $K$ in the variable $X$ consists of all expressions of the form
$\sum_{{j=M}}^{\infty}a_{j}X^{j}$ where $M$ is some integer and the coefficients $a_{j}$ come from $K$.

More generally, whenever $R$ is an integral domain, we can form its field of fractions, a field whose elements are the fractions of elements of $R$.
Many of the fields described above have some sort of additional structure, for example a topology (yielding a topological field), a total order, or a canonical absolute value.
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