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uniquely complemented lattice
Recall that in a bounded distributive lattice, complements, relative complements, and differences of lattice elements, if exist, must be unique. This leads to the general consideration of general bounded lattices in which complements are unique.
Definition. A complemented lattice such that every element has a unique complement is said to be uniquely complemented. If $a$ is an element of a uniquely complemented lattice, $a^{{\prime}}$ denotes its (unique) complement. One can think of ${}^{{\prime}}$ as a unary operator on the lattice.
One of the first consequences is
$a^{{\prime\prime}}=a.$ 
To see this, we have that $a\vee a^{{\prime}}=1$, $a\wedge a^{{\prime}}=0$, as well as $a^{{\prime\prime}}\vee a^{{\prime}}=1$, $a^{{\prime\prime}}\wedge a^{{\prime}}=0$. So $a=a^{{\prime\prime}}$, since they are both complements of $a^{{\prime}}$.
Below are some additional (and nontrivial) properties of a uniquely complemented lattice:

there exists a uniquely complemented lattice that is not distributive

a uniquely complemented lattice $L$ is distributive if at least one of the following is satisfied:
(a) ${}^{{\prime}}$, as an operator on $L$, is order reversing;
(b) $(a\vee b)^{{\prime}}=a^{{\prime}}\wedge b^{{\prime}}$;
(c) $(a\wedge b)^{{\prime}}=a^{{\prime}}\vee b^{{\prime}}$;
(d) (von Neumann) $L$ is a modular lattice;
(e) (BirkhoffWard) $L$ is an atomic lattice.
In fact, the first three conditions are equivalent, so that $L$ is distributive if it satisfies the de Morgan’s laws.

(Dilworth) every lattice can be embedded in a uniquely complemented lattice.
References
 1 T.S. Blyth, Lattices and Ordered Algebraic Structures, Springer, New York (2005).
 2 G. Grätzer, General Lattice Theory, 2nd Edition, Birkhäuser (1998)
Mathematics Subject Classification
06B05 no label found06C15 no label found Forums
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