# analytic number theory

One concept that is important in analytic number theory is asymptotic estimates. Tools that are used to obtain asymptotic estimates for sums include the Euler-Maclaurin summation formula (http://planetmath.org/EulerMaclaurinSummationFormula), Abel’s lemma (summation by parts  ), the convolution method, and the Dirichlet hyperbola method. Asymptotic estimates are important for determining asymptotic densities of certain subsets of the natural numbers.

Another one of Dirichlet’s contributions to analytic number theory is the Dirichlet series. As an example, the Dirichlet series of a Dirichlet character   is a Dirichlet L-series. A tool that is helpful for studying any Dirichlet series is the Euler product  . The most famous Dirichlet series is the Riemann zeta function    , which is the Dirichlet series of the completely multiplicative function  $1$. This leads up to what is possibly the most important unsolved problem in analytic number theory: the Riemann hypothesis. This that all nontrivial zeros of the Riemann zeta function have real part equal to $\frac{1}{2}$. Its to prime numbers  is made clearer by the Euler product formula.

Title analytic number theory AnalyticNumberTheory 2013-03-22 15:59:55 2013-03-22 15:59:55 Wkbj79 (1863) Wkbj79 (1863) 8 Wkbj79 (1863) Topic msc 11N37 msc 11M06 msc 11N05 msc 11-01