Such circle is called a circumcircle. Its radius is the circumradius, and its center is the circumcenter. The circumcenter lies at the intersection of the perpendicular bisectors of the sides of the triangle.
Since the perpendicular bisector of a segment is the locus of points at the same distance from the segment endpoints, the points on the perpendicular bisector of are equidistant to and . The points in the perpendicular bisector of are equidistant to and , and thus the intersection point is at the same distance from and .
In a more general setting, if is any polygon, its circumcircle would be a circle passing through all vertices, and circumradius and circumcenter are defined similarly. However, unlike triangles, circumcircles need not to exist for any polygon. For instance, a non-rectangular parallelogram has no circumcircle, for no circle passes through the four vertices. A quadrilateral that does possess a circumcircle is called a cyclic quadrilateral.
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 15:00:32|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 15:00:32|
|Last modified by||yark (2760)|