classical ring of quotients

Let R be a ring. An element of R is called regularPlanetmathPlanetmathPlanetmath if it is not a right zero divisor or a left zero divisor in R.

A ring QR is a left classical ring of quotients for R (resp. right classical ring of quotients for R) if it satisifies:

  • every regular element of R is invertiblePlanetmathPlanetmath in Q

  • every element of Q can be written in the form x-1y (resp. yx-1) with x,yR and x regular.

If a ring R has a left or right classical ring of quotients, then it is unique up to isomorphismPlanetmathPlanetmathPlanetmathPlanetmathPlanetmathPlanetmathPlanetmath.

If R is a commutativePlanetmathPlanetmathPlanetmath integral domainMathworldPlanetmath, then the left and right classical rings of quotients always exist – they are the field of fractionsMathworldPlanetmath of R.

For non-commutative rings, necessary and sufficient conditions are given by Ore’s Theorem.

Note that the goal here is to construct a ring which is not too different from R, but in which more elements are invertible. The first condition says which elements we want to be invertible. The second condition says that Q should just enough extra elements to make the regular elements invertible.

Such rings are called classical rings of quotients, because there are other rings of quotients. These all attempt to enlarge R somehow to make more elements invertible (or sometimes to make ideals invertible).

Finally, note that a ring of quotients is not the same as a quotient ringMathworldPlanetmath.

Title classical ring of quotients
Canonical name ClassicalRingOfQuotients
Date of creation 2013-03-22 14:03:01
Last modified on 2013-03-22 14:03:01
Owner mclase (549)
Last modified by mclase (549)
Numerical id 5
Author mclase (549)
Entry type Definition
Classification msc 16U20
Classification msc 16S90
Synonym left classical ring of quotients
Synonym right classical ring of quotients
Related topic OreCondition
Related topic ExtensionByLocalization
Related topic FiniteRingHasNoProperOverrings
Defines regular