from the power set of to the set of functions on , such that
the pair is a monadic algebra for each subset ,
, the identity function on , and
, for any .
The cardinality of is called the degree of the quantifier algebra .
Think of as a set of variables and a set of propositional functions closed under the usual logical connectives. From this, in the first condition can be viewed as the existential quantifier bounding a set of variables. The second condition stipulates that, when no variables are bound by , then has no effect on the propositional functions. The last condition states that the order and frequency of the variables bound by does not affect the outcome ( is the same as ).
A monadic algebra is a quantifier algebra where , a singleton, and a Boolean algebra is just a quantifier algebra with .
In classical first order logic, the set of variables bound by a quantifier appearing in a formula is finite. Any variable not bound by the quantifier is considered free, as far as the scope of the quantifier is concerned. This basically says that every propositional function in the classical first order logic has a finite number variables. Translated into the language of quantifier algebras, this means that
for each , there is a finite , such that .
Any quantifier algebra satisfying the above condition is said to be locally finite.
Quantifier algebras are a step closer in fully characterizing the “algebra” of predicate logic than monadic algebras. However, it is not powerful enough to address situations where a “change of variable” occurs in a propositional function, such as versus . In a quatifier algebra, these two formulas are distinct, even though they are the same semantically in logic. In order take into account these additional considerations, polyadic algebras are needed.
- 1 P. Halmos, Algebraic Logic, Chelsea Publishing Co. New York (1962).
- 2 B. Plotkin, Universal Algebra, Algebraic Logic, and Databases, Kluwer Academic Publishers (1994).
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 17:49:04|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 17:49:04|
|Last modified by||CWoo (3771)|