regular decagon inscribed in circle
If a line segment has been divided into two parts such that the greater part is the central proportional of the whole segment and the smaller part, then one has performed the golden section (Latin sectio aurea) of the line segment.
Proof. A regular polygon can be inscribed in a circle (http://planetmath.org/RegularPolygonAndCircles). In the picture below, there is seen an isosceles central triangle of a regular decagon with the central angle ; the base angles are . One of the base angles is halved with the line , when one gets a smaller isosceles triangle with equal angles as in the triangle . From these similar triangles we obtain the proportion equation
which shows that the side of the regular decagon is the central proportional of the radius of the circle and the difference .
Note. (1) can be simplified to the quadratic equation (http://planetmath.org/QuadraticFormula)
which yields the positive solution
Cf. also the golden ratio.
|Title||regular decagon inscribed in circle|
|Date of creation||2013-03-22 17:34:26|
|Last modified on||2013-03-22 17:34:26|
|Last modified by||pahio (2872)|